区块链周刊早报,京东用区块链溯源,海淘消费者遇假最高获5万赔付 | 2018年4月16日大事件

在京东全球购3周年庆典大会上,京东商城大快消事业群全球购业务部总经理杨叶透露,京东在打造全链条区块链技术溯源的跨境电商平台,实现“全程溯源”。

大咖评论

1.中央党校陈建奇:区块链未来或是一个公共平台

中央党校世经室副主任陈建奇表示:短期来看,区块链只能针对某一个应用来专门做定制和区块链的服务。从长远看,区块链是一个比较偏向技术层面的平台,各种应用在这里面来享受区块链的服务,并进行各种区块链商业模式的创新和合作。

2.北大光华管理学院金融系主任刘晓蕾:未来数字时代的核心资产是数字资产

北大光华管理学院金融系主任刘晓蕾在区块链创新创业人才论坛上指出,未来数字时代的核心资产是数字资产,但数字资产面临一个很大的问题,就是它的确权和估值问题。区块链技术有这个潜力解决数字资产的确权问题,这是区块链最核心的发展潜力。

3.彭博社总结日本传统领域巨头企业进军数字货币

彭博社总结今年日本传统领域巨头企业纷纷进军数字货币领域:电商巨头乐天株式会社推出数字货币“乐天币”,取代现有的“超级积分”;社交媒体巨头“Line”、知名社区游戏公司CyberAgent将推出数字货币交易所,已向金融服务局(FSA)提出申请;日本最大消费电子零售商山田电机自今年1月27日起宣布在两家直营门店试行比特币支付;日本银行巨头SBI集团将创建数字货币交易所,该计划或因安全问题现被推迟;日本的“京东”DMM今年1月上线了其数字货币交易所;电子零售商Bic Camera开始接受比特币支付;互联网巨头GMO Internet集团推出数字货币交易所,并进军挖矿业务;Monex证券公司已收购数字货币交易所Coincheck全部股份。

4.真格基金王强:区块链技术只有和公司业务有机结合,才是有效率的

真格基金联合创始人王强在接受采访时表示,区块链技术只有能和公司既有业务有机结合,或者和新开展的业务在逻辑上是密不可分的,这种应用才是有效率的。如果仅仅因为这是一个崭新的东西,就必须要去用它、生硬地嫁接到既有业务上,那只会是“体外移植”——一种外来的移植,无法为有机体带来自然增长。

5.佳士得拍卖主席蔡金青:区块链对数字化作品有很大价值

2018中国文物艺术品拍卖市场年度峰会在绍兴隆重召开。佳士得拍卖(上海)有限公司主席蔡金青认为,鉴定就是发现艺术品的价值,需要人的专业的认知。估值需要现代科技的支持。以去年佳士得纽约拍出的达芬奇《救世主》为例,作品的溯源、鉴定、修复、展览这个过程有高度的技术参与,对这个作品的这些物理的进行判断。艺术鉴定需要技术,区块链技术肯定对未来艺术家很多作品,特别是数字化的作品有很大的价值。

6.前盛大投资副总裁:今年或为区块链“应用元年”

比特资本合伙人、前盛大投资副总裁张瑶表示,“区块链技术,刚刚处于像电脑DOS时代一样的初期阶段。去年区块链概念开始为人熟知,但还缺乏行业应用,今年有望成为其”行业应用元年”,开始诞生一批热门应用。”

7.自媒体:EOS暴涨之后 头部玩家可能正在悄悄抛货

据比特松鼠消息,EOS前10大钱包地址总持币量在持续下降。截止目前,持币总量已经下降了接近1个百分点,意味着头部玩家把币价拉升起来,总共吸收了大约3%的筹码,而仅仅一天之后,大玩家们已经在开始抛货了,至于抛货的原因,多半是币价拉升后的落袋为安,因为如果一旦币价被拉升到70-80的高位,那时候将会为众多小散解套,进而抛货逃离,这是庄家们所不愿意看到的。据币世界行情显示,EOS现全球均价8.71美元,跌幅3.79%。

8.纽约州金融服务局:Bitlicense 严重损坏比特币业务

纽约州金融服务局(NYDFS)主管Maria Vullo讨论了有争议的Bitlicense,这是一项旨在监测和管理加密货币操作的法规。根据Vullo的说法,前主管Ben Lawsky和NYDFS制定的监管政策刺激了对该州持有执照公司的更大兴趣,并保护了市场诚信。其他人则持不同观点,认为Bitlicense对客户和小企业的产生了严重影响,一共有15家数字货币企业因为Bitlicense而推出纽约州。

9.摩根大通国际主席:数字货币要成功,监管者必须有密钥

日前,摩根大通国际主席雅各布·弗兰克尔称,区块链是一个新兴技术,降低了交易成本,但市面上的数字货币太多。他认为一些数字货币的主要限制是匿名性,而且数字货币波动性巨大,也没有任何背书。如果未来数字货币要成功,监管者就必须要有密钥,做好KYC(了解你的客户)和反洗钱的监管。此外,数字货币的波动性太高也会催生消费者保护的问题。

10.英国央行行长:加密货币带来的风险不构成威胁

英格兰银行行长马克·卡尼在多伦多公共政策论坛的加拿大增长峰会上发表了演讲,表示了尽管有“非常多”的非法活动通过加密货币进行,但在目前的状态下,它们对现有的金融系统不构成威胁。

区块链

1.京东用区块链溯源,海淘消费者遇假最高获5万赔付

在京东全球购3周年庆典大会上,京东商城大快消事业群全球购业务部总经理杨叶透露,京东在打造全链条区块链技术溯源的跨境电商平台,实现“全程溯源”。京东溯源检查官会对全球购的商品、店铺、生产和运输现场实施随机、突击检查。据悉,消费者在京东全球购购买自营纸尿裤、奶粉产品后,若疑似产品非正品,可通过第三方检测机构鉴定产品并提供相关证明,向京东全球购客服发起理赔申明,审核后通过中国平安财产保险进行理赔。在责任明确、材料齐全的情况下,消费者可获得商品3倍赔偿,最高可获5万元赔付。

2.深圳大学正式成立区块链技术研究中心

据媒体报道,深圳大学举行区块链技术研究中心揭牌仪式,标示着深圳大学区块链技术研究中心正式成立,仪式后举行了区块链前沿技术研讨会。同时,多家企业、研究院与其签订战略合作协议。

3.世界粮食计划署用以太坊区块链存储叙利亚难身份

在约旦与叙利亚交接,联合国世界粮食计划署正在利用前沿的区块链技术开展一项人道主义项目并保证难民隐私数据的安全。这项命名为Building Blocks的项目是联合国与产业内共同开发的,用“以太坊的私有分叉”实施每日对于个人的粮食救援供应,同时保护难民的隐私也。比如当一个叙利亚难民到约旦当地的超市购物,可以以EyePay应用通过眼睛鉴别其身份,在摄像头下采集一张自拍照实现结账。

4.软银中国首投区块链项目 比特易完成A轮战略投资

据投资界报道,数字货币市场分析平台比特易宣布在近期获得软银中国资本、蓝驰创投的A轮战略投资。比特易创始人惠轶介绍,这是软银中国投的第一个区块链项目。

5.区块链技术嵌入福州智慧农业

据人民网消息,日前,福建有伦农业科技发展有限公司董事长陈能文表示,其商品交易信息系统完全公开,任何人通过端口都可查看,而且数据保存在全省多个服务器和阿里云端,以区块链去中心化的加密技术保存,任何人无法篡改溯源信息,保证信息真实性。他还称,他们对智慧农业有了新的理解:只有农业全产业链引入物联网、人工智能、大数据等技术,实现农产品从种植到送达客户手中的全程可视化、可追溯、可控制,实现基地直供餐桌,才是真正的智慧农业。他同时表示,未来智慧农业必定是朝着物联网、人工智能、大数据、区块链等技术相结合,实现客户和企业,企业和企业之间互联互通的方向发展。

6.北京市西城区:将培植以区块链技术为代表的创新金融服务沃土

北京市西城区常务副区长孙硕介绍,“动批”区域北接中关村、南临金融街,位于中关村科技园的重要组团之间,具备科技创新的产业基础;将培植以人工智能为代表的科技创新前沿展示和以区块链技术为代表的创新金融服务沃土。

7.重庆智慧物流平台将依托区块链等技术开展增值服务

据重庆市人民政府网报道,重庆交运集团打造的重庆智慧物流平台将依托大数据和区块链技术开展增值服务,为中小企业与银行等金融机构构建业务桥梁,帮助中小企业提高信用水平,帮助银行等金融机构评估企业信用,解决中小企业普遍面临的流动资金问题,带动物流企业、物流行业快速发展。

8.澳洲一公司欲通过区块链程序成为分享经济的亚马逊

日前,澳大利亚一家公司正在构建一个基于区块链的系统ShareRing,以消除分享经济中的碎片化现象,并创建一个单一的应用程序,让用户可以访问他们希望租用,借用或共享的任何可用资产。这家澳大利亚公司的目标是成为“分享经济的亚马逊”,使用户能够通过单一的智能手机应用程序从各种类别中租赁“资产”。

9.新加坡区块链公司Libra Credit于本月获得丹华资本投资

由前PayPal技术专家LU HUA牵头创立的区块链公司Libra Credit 日前证实了其已获得来自丹华资本的新一笔投资的消息。据悉,Libra Credit已获得来自FBG Capital、Alphabit、丹华资本等多个数字货币基金的投资,该项目使用区块链技术搭建分布式借贷平台及衍生生态系统,将以全新的方式为全球用户提供真正高效便捷的抵押借贷服务。

10.区块链投资机构扎堆兴起:新成立12家公司11家被投

据IT桔子最新数据显示,2018年第一季度获得投资的项目中41%为区块链项目。其中,第一季度新成立的12家区块链公司中共11家获投,当季获投率达92%。区块链项目主营业务主要包括媒体和虚拟货币两大方向。

11.德克萨斯州试运行区块链数字ID计划

外媒消息,德克萨斯州城市奧斯汀正在试运行一种系统,该系统使用区块链技术来标识无家可归者的ID和重要信息,以帮助他们摆脱无家可归的情况。据悉,该系统与微软的数字ID计划类似,使用区块链的分布式和加密性质可使相关记录在任何地方被访问,同时能保证安全。

数字货币

1.中国矿池公司全网算力占比达90%

根据最新24小时数据显示,BTC矿池份额排名前三的均来自中国,分别是BTC.com(占比25.2%)、蚂蚁矿池(15.7%)和BTC.TOP(11.3%);前10名的矿池只有1家来自国外,全网显示20个比特币矿池,来自中国的矿池占全网90%以上的算力。

2.智利金融稳定委员会称加密数字货币并未对本国经济构成威胁

配合智利财政部保证国内金融系统健康的智利金融稳定委员会(CEF)得出结论认为,加密数字货币并未对本国经济构成威胁。CEF新近报告称,数字资产并未威胁智利市场的金融稳定,但投资者因为数字资产的极大波动面临很高的风险。面对诈骗和黑客攻击,加密货币的投资者不堪一击。报告认为,加密货币交易所必须遵循适用于一些金融资产的现有监管法规,强调要遵循打击税务方面犯罪、洗钱和恐怖主义融资方面的法律。区块链技术可以对提高市场效率和增加竞争做出贡献。

3.澳大利亚能源公司重启煤矿发电厂用于挖矿

位于澳大利亚猎人谷的Redbank燃煤发电厂将重新开放,其唯一目的就是为加密货币采矿设备提供动力。拥有该电厂的亨特能源公司已经与当地的一家名为IOT集团的科技公司达成协议,自2014年电厂停止运营后重新启动。IOT集团计划在电厂重新发电后,立刻在区块链运营中心的名义下设立加密货币开采业务。

4.尼日利亚比特币公司“The Guardian”非法募资数百万奈拉后跑路

外媒报道,位于尼日利亚卡拉巴尔的比特币公司The Guardian以承诺周回报30%的方式向投资者非法募资,涉案金融达数百万“奈拉”(Naira,尼日利亚法币),现已人去楼空。当地媒体报道,受害者聚集该公司楼前维权,士兵试图开枪驱散人群,但收效甚微。

5.日本雅虎持股加密货币交易所 进军加密货币领域

雅虎日本宣布,它已收购一家名为Bitarg Exchange Tokyo Co.ltd的加密货币交易所40%的股份。Bitarg成立于去年5月,去年12月获得日本金融监管局(FSA)的比特币交易营业授权,但从去年7月暂停服务至今仍未重启。Bitarg计划在今年秋季推出“易于使用”的加密货币交换服务。

6.全球数字货币犯罪调查:美欧合占近6成 中国占16%

据调查分析,在各类数字货币犯罪案件中,美国占比32%为全球最多;欧洲占26%;在亚洲,日本、韩国合占23%,中国占16%;非洲占3%。在犯罪类型中,黑客攻击次数最多,数据显示从2017年10月至2018年1月的四个月内,全球约发生500万次数字货币黑客事件。美国、日本、法国、英国、德国排前五名,发生的次数高于其他国家和地区。就中国而言,犯罪事件不多,涉案金额不算大。但中国的特点是传销币过多,代投金额大。据统计,去年中国出现400多种传销币。代投案件影响较大的有两个,一是王凯歆携1.5亿元代投款跑路,一个是RFR项目代投人将投资者的资产变现和转移,金额达6200万。此外,诈骗类和洗钱类涉案金额大体相当,盗窃类涉案金额是二者的2倍多。

7.美国当局宣布从摩洛哥引渡比特币诈骗犯Renwick Haddow

美国当局已确认将摩洛哥著名诈骗分子Renwick Haddow引渡到美国。他于2017年6月被投诉人指控通过在Bitcoin Store Inc.和Bar Works Inc.以及他控制的相关实体中作出重大失实陈述和盗用投资资金来欺骗受害人。Haddow被控两项电汇欺诈罪,每项指控的最高刑罚为20年监禁。此外,摩根大通公司(JPMorgan Chase&Co.)和摩根大通银行(JPMorgan Chase Bank)一直被指控帮助  Renwick Haddow,但一直试图驳斥200多名被欺诈的中国投资者的指控。

8.Coincheck黑客或已成功清洗所有被盗XEM

据BTCmanager报道,近日一份报告称今年1月份从Coincheck交易所抢劫XEM的黑客可能已经成功清洗了所有被盗XEM。3月时,BTCManager报道Coincheck黑客正在暗网上洗钱,人们相信黑客已经能够成功转换一半被盗XEM。据称黑客在抢劫案发生后在暗网上建立了一个匿名的数字货币兑换平台。他们使用这个平台将其被盗的XEM换成其他数字货币。该系统只接受比特币和莱特币的支付,数字货币以15%的折扣向感兴趣的买家出售。

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